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Diabetes is an illness that has an effect on how your body processes food to produce energy. The body usually converts carbohydrates we consume into a simpler form of sugar commonly referred to as glucose. This glucose is then absorbed by the blood and is then used as a form of fuel to power your body system. The hormone in our body that helps the blood cells absorb glucose is known as insulin and it is produced in the pancreas. A perfectly functioning pancreas moderates the level of insulin it releases in relation to the amount of glucose in the body. However for patients suffering from diabetes, the pancreas does not release enough insulin to assist the blood to absorb the glucose and as such leads to high levels of blood sugar in the body.
Basically, we have two known types of diabetes, there are Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes. For Type 1 diabetes, the pancreas can no longer secrete insulin while patients suffering from Type 2 diabetes secret insulin, although the blood cells do not make use of the insulin available. In both cases, glucose is no longer absorbed by the blood cells and as such leads to high blood sugar levels. This could have adverse consequences in the future. In addition to Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes there is also Pre-Diabetes. We will take a brief look at all three below;
Pre-Diabetes: At this stage you don’t have full blown diabetes but in this case it is either your pancreas doesn’t secrete enough insulin or the cells in your blood are beginning to develop resistance to insulin. Blood sugar levels tend to rise beyond normal, although not as high as diabetic patients. This stage is usually referred to as “impaired glucose tolerance” or “impaired fasting glucose”. This is usually a sign that the patient will develop diabetes in the future. On the bright side, type 2 diabetes may be prevented with a change in diet and regular exercises.
Type 2 Diabetes: Most patients with diabetes usually have Type 2 diabetes and this is a result of a combination of factors like inadequate exercise, age, and in some cases genes. Type 2 diabetes is mostly common amongst adults over the age of 35 years.
Type 1 Diabetes: Type 1 diabetes is usually a result of genetic disorder, although the reasons are not totally understood, several ideas that have been suggested as the cause. To manage Type 1 diabetes, regular insulin shots are required. Type 1 diabetes usually occur in adults less than 30 years old. Just like type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes is caused by obesity, hereditary, poor diet and a sedentary lifestyle.
Apart from using insulin injections, there are several ways by which you can treat diabetes, some of them include consumption of nutritional products to help improve the symptoms, regular exercise, balanced diet, homeopathic remedies, and a total lifestyle modification in combination with the prescriptions from your physician. It should be emphasized while these suggestions may yield positive results, the result may differ from individual to individual.